A Few Stages of Dog Labor

dog childbirth stages

Hello, we’re talking about the stages of dog labor. About 2 to 4 days after mating, the embryos that have now become full pups are ready to give birth and enter the outside world of the mother’s womb, and the process of delivery is instinctively based on biological clock time. The mother’s body begins. Depending on the number of puppies and whether the mother is performing multiple births, the labor takes between two and four hours, and of course, the first child needs more time.

Delay in delivery can have several causes: 

Inaccurate calculation of pregnancy duration. Error in recording mating date. The reasons for this are that the dog is not pregnant or unable to give birth to puppies. If you do not make the mistake of recording a mating date or calculating your pregnancy duration, be sure to consult a veterinarian if the animal is delayed. The onset of labor is under the control of a complex process triggered by hormones secreted by the mother’s endocrine system in response to stimuli that regulate the timing of delivery, possibly related to the pituitary-adrenal axis maturation at the time of development. Superficial changes in the blood of these hormones are planned in the mother’s body. This complex and sophisticated process is affected by several factors, but not all of them are well understood. But what is important is that in the absence of complications and deviating factors, the delivery is performed at the right time and when the infants are able to tolerate the ectopic environment.

Remember that Great Danes are dog-friendly dogs and your presence at birth gives them comfort. In postpartum massaging the lower legs and abdomen can be effective in ease of delivery.

Like all other dog breeds and most mammals, the Great Gestation is performed in three stages:

Dog Labor Stage 1

The exact time the animal enters the first stage of childbirth may be unclear. This is actually the mother’s preparation for the baby’s departure.

dog labor stages

At the beginning of this stage, the body temperature drops to 0 to 2.5, the cervix is ​​closed and the uterine contractions are not high. However, these contractions gradually increase and as the puppies move around the cervix and put pressure on the cervix, the cervix is ​​opened and the pups are ready to exit. At this time, with increasing pressure on the cervix, uterine contractions increase and occur approximately every 2 to 3 minutes, but are relatively mild. These contractions drive the contents of the cervix periodically toward the cervix. This process can take up to 4 hours. Female dog behavior during this period is unusual. He walks in, prepares his bed, snores and refuses to eat or eat. Breathing, looking at the flanks, licking the vulva, swelling and loosening of the mucous membrane, as well as abdominal relaxation are other symptoms of this stage of labor. Some female dogs, of course, get greedy appetite at this time. At this stage, the animal may have nausea and vomit if eaten freshly, which is abnormal if repeated too much.

Dog Labor Stage 2

Extraction of fetal fluids and the observation of pups or placenta membranes in the vaginal entry indicate the passage of the first stage of labor and entry into the second stage. At this time, the cervix is ​​dilated and the mother lying on one side begins to strain and sometimes has severe labor attacks. Leaving the puppies off the birth canal in some dogs, especially mothers who experience childbirth for the first time can cause pain and discomfort. But puppies are usually born easily and effortlessly.

dog natural childbirth-Stages of Dog LaborCubs can naturally only be born in a long-term state, such that the baby’s vertebrae are parallel to the mother’s vertebrae. The most common type of childbirth is the exit of the pups from the head area, but it is often the case that the outflow from the back and the legs are out. The position of the puppy at birth is normal from the back, meaning that the back of the pup is up and behind the mother. This condition enables the arched shape of the cubic vertebrae to be arched. During this phase, it is best to keep the animal’s environment completely calm and have only the owner next to the dog, as strangers can delay the delivery process. Puppies go out at different intervals and are unpredictable. Delivery is usually performed intermittently from each of the uterine horns. At this point, record and review all the conditions and temperatures and conditions of the female dog.

Dog Labor Stage 3

Separation of the second and third stages of childbirth is not possible properly and parts of these two stages can occur simultaneously. This step actually begins immediately after the pups leave and the pair is repelled. Each embryo has a placenta that is removed about 2 minutes after the umbilical cord is removed. Of course, the placenta emerges at different times after birth, and sometimes some pups are born with the placenta inside. It may even be born before the first pair of second puppies leave. If the pups are born with the placenta, the female dog will lick the placenta and tear the placenta after each child is born and cut the cord in the process. It is important to make sure that no placenta is left in the uterus because the placenta causes infection in the dog’s body.
Lubricating most of the puppies will help them dry and move. Dogs usually eat fetal membranes and any dead embryos. Owners are advised to only allow 2 to 4 pairs of food to the dog and keep the remaining pairs and dead pups out of their reach. Eating a puppy can cause maternal illness and eating a large number of placentas can cause gastrointestinal disorders with elevated body temperature (diarrhea and vomiting) and disrupt the balance of water and solute in the animal. The greens that subsequently exit the embryonic membranes are normal, due to the presence of ethereal pigment, and are present around the placentas (green is favorable on the first day of delivery). This pigment is similar to Bilirubin. After some time, the discharge will turn reddish-brown and become translucent and natural mucus. If you see white discharge from the vagina or see the discharge before the first pup is green, you should see a veterinarian immediately.
There are various theories and theories as to whether or not eating a fetal membrane is beneficial or harmful to a female dog. Some believe that this has been instinctively passed down from generations of wild dogs to domestic dogs and that the eating of fetal membranes has eliminated the effects of calving to prevent wild animals from identifying and puppies and preventing them from being invaded. Another group believes that this food source is comfortable and of high nutritional value for the dog, and if the dog has a high likelihood of eating fetal membranes, there is no reason to prohibit it. But it has been said that eating all of the embryonic membranes, especially in dogs with high puppies, can lead to digestive problems. Therefore, feeding the embryonic membranes is not essential for the health of female dogs or puppies. Finally, the end of the third stage of labor is followed by the complete removal of all puppies and their placenta, and at the end of the uterus, the labor process ends. Rarely in some female religions, experiencing their first childbirth, or dogs with nervous conditions, the mother eats one or more of her puppies. This may be due to inexperience in childbirth or weakness and maternal instinct. Some believe that by eliminating the weak and sick puppies, the mother tries to give the pups a better chance of surviving. Eating cubs is less common in home-grown and educated religions. In some cases, inexperienced mothers accidentally cut or eat part of the puppy’s body when removing the cord and eating the placenta. The pup that is killed in this way and unintentionally killed is also eaten by the mother.

After childbirth, the temperature of the Great Dane increases to 2 to 2.5. If the body temperature reaches the above-mentioned parameter, the infection may be due to the need to see a veterinarian promptly.

Special Stage of Dog Labour: How To Help a Dog Give Birth in Hardness and Caesarean Section

Any defect in normal delivery is called hardening. The causes of the onset of hardness vary and in some cases can be remedied without the need for surgery. One of the types of congenital hardening is obstructive congestion, which is caused by abnormal fetal status, relative enlargement of the fetus, or narrowing of the birth canal, causing problems in the delivery process and the occurrence of unproductive force. This can be due to the following:
– Fetal malformation in the uterus.
_ Mating a female dog with a male dog much larger than itself.
– Early mating of a young dog.
Abnormal physical and anatomical abnormalities in the fetus.
Dead and swollen embryos in the womb.
– Skeletal abnormalities in the pelvis and canal of the mother.

how to help a dog give birth in hardness and caesarean section

The clinical sign of this type of difficulty is the inability to give birth to pups after the first stage of labor. In this situation, fetal fluids may come out of the vagina of the female dog and even the fetal head may appear on the verge of birth, but the pup is unable to cross the canal, and repeated strokes of the female dog cause her to breathe and limp. About 2 hours after the onset of this condition, the female dog is likely to have difficulty conceiving and need assistance with childbirth. This may be when the first pup is born or subsequent pups are trapped in the canal and unable to exit. In this case, move the animal quickly to the well-equipped veterinary centers. Occasionally, by sliding around the cervix and the vagina, special forceps or cuts on the vaginal edges of the fetus are removed. Otherwise, the cesarean section will require surgery to remove the pups.

Note: Avoid manipulating the mouth of the vagina and attempting to remove the puppy if it is difficult to pass it on to the veterinary surgeon as it may endanger the mother’s life as a result of delayed puppy withdrawal.
Obstructive hardship is more common in young mothers experiencing their first childbirth.

helping a dog give birth

Another type of inability to give birth to cubs is due to the lack of uterine contractions and the consequence of not starting the first stage of labor. In this condition, the cervix is ​​dilated but the embryos do not enter the vagina and there is no sign of labor. The cause of this condition is still unknown, but there are some factors that can be attributed to the following:

– A low number of embryos, such as one or two numbers and lack of sufficient hormonal stimulation.
– Too many fetuses or fetal fluids and excessive stretching of the uterus may also cause uterine contractions to start and therefore no delivery, and if timely action is taken to help the mother, the mother and the puppies will be lost. They will go.
– Calcium and phosphorus imbalance in the diet of pregnant dogs.
Inadequate parathyroid hormone.
– Non-response of parathyroid glands to hormonal and mechanical stimuli.
– Imbalance of inducing labor hormones.
– Hereditary and genetic background.

dog giving birth problems

Sometimes, during labor and after giving birth to a few pups, uterine contractions can be disrupted and the delivery process may stop. In this situation, although some embryos are still left in the womb, the animal will no longer be forced and if the situation lasts more than 4 hours, the mother should be assisted in giving birth to the pups. In some female dogs, uterine contractions are weak during childbirth and may be helpful to the animal by inducing vaginal delivery.
Note that childbirth is quite normal for a female dog, and the animal can instinctively go through all the steps on its own. Abnormalities mentioned in the process of childbirth are rare and can be caused by malnutrition or improper maintenance of the animal during pregnancy. So, give birth to nature and to the animalistic instinct of the animal and avoid interfering with the process until the mother is unable to do so.

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