How To Care For Newborn Puppies and Their Mother After Postpartum
How to care for newborn puppies and their mother? After the pups are born, the mother cleans them very carefully and scrupulously lubricates them and cleanses the blood and viscous material left over from the body and around the nose and mouth. It also stimulates the internal organs of the body and opens the digestive tract of infants. If you see a mother doing her best to handle the babies, avoid manipulating the puppies and not moving them. Usually, the mother gets up and turns around after giving birth to a number of puppies, then returns to the delivery site and gives birth to the rest of the puppies. This is normal and allow the mother to leave the puppies for a while. After the pups are born, they instinctively crawl under the mother, find the mother’s nipple and drink milk.
Sometimes the mother helps her cubs find nipples as well. If you notice a stillbirth after delivery, remove it slowly from the nest. At this time, you have to watch out for the sudden behavior and hostile reaction of the mother. After all the pups are born, make sure you finish changing the litter bed gently and use a soft, dry cover for the nest floor. Usually, the post-partum animal cleans the vagina and under the tail by licking it and cleanses the blood and fetal fluids. If this is not done or delayed, you can clean the back of the mother using a clean, damp cloth and a little warm water. You should wash your vagina with disinfectants to prevent future uterine infections. The puppy’s eyes are closed and their ears are not heard. They try to crawl under the mother’s body and drink milk or rest there. The mother may feel very weak or tired after giving birth. At this time, do not make any noise or commute around the nest and allow him to sleep for a while. The use of milk and high-energy postpartum foods is very beneficial to the mother and will help her breast milk increase. If you find that postpartum is either sluggish during the early days of breastfeeding or has difficulty maintaining and maintaining balance, you are likely to experience postpartum calcium deficiency. This disorder, also known as milk fever, is caused by a loss of calcium in the mother’s body due to a loss of calcium during childbirth and the body’s inability to supply the calcium required in milk or its inability to obtain nutrients. Stress can occur and if this is not resolved by giving calcium-rich and nutritious foods, be sure to consult a veterinarian. In addition to the reported complications of maternal seizures or seizures, the condition may also require prompt and timely treatment.
What should be the temperature and living environment of newborn puppies?
Keeping newborn puppies exciting and at the same time extremely difficult. Although the dog’s natural instinct helps you give birth and care for the puppies, you can help the mother by providing her with the necessary supplies and making sure the puppies have everything they want.
Keep in mind that caring for puppies is as important as maintaining a mother and protecting her. Because your dog needs a lot of energy to maintain its puppies.
Things you will need:
dog helper food, clean fresh-water, vitamin supplements, exothermic lamp, grade, digital scales, newspaper or pad, soft towels, delicate blankets.
Postpartum mother’s meals should be increased and make sure the water is plenty fresh and always available. Do not place food and water in an area where the puppies inadvertently fall into the container and water. To avoid such incidents, it is advisable to use food containers that contain food and water tanks or containers placed on long stands. they take.
Make sure the food you feed your mother is high quality and high in vitamin D. Food should be high in vitamins, high in protein and low in fat.
Give your dog nutritional supplements and make sure he gets enough vitamins and minerals. Breastfeeding sources are used to make milk, so the mother should try to get the nutrients it needs to grow the pups in good health. Consult your veterinarian about suggested supplements and how to add them to your diet.
Suitable temperature for puppies
Always control the temperature inside the puppy box. Ambient temperature control of puppies should not be based on speculation, but rather on the degree of ambient temperature in the delivery box. Newborn religions are very susceptible to cold, and temperatures favorable to humans can pose a risk of death. The body temperature of the newborn pups is low for the first 5 days and the owners must constantly monitor the ambient temperature for up to 4 weeks. In the first week, the body temperature of the puppies should be between 1 and 2 degrees Celsius. In the second week: 1 to 2, the third week: 1 to 2, and in the fourth week: 1 to 2. Puppies can adjust their body temperature to ambient temperature from 8 weeks.
To provide ambient heat inside the delivery box, you need exothermic lamps (infrared lamps). These lamps will always have part of the same heat box. This lamp should be protected with a lamp to prevent accidental damage to the mother. Remember, if the total ambient temperature is warm, no pills will enter the cubs, but this heat will hurt the mother and make her cough, and this will cause the mother-in-law to get out of lactation and leave the cubs.
If the temperature inside the delivery box is high, the puppies will breathe faster and they will breathe in with an open mouth. At this time, their skin color turns red and they fall into a scattered box. But if the temperature of the delivery box is lower than necessary, the puppies will gather in a corner and whine continuously.
Puppies sleep for 4% of the day and sometimes give themselves a sudden pull, which is quite normal for their health.
Cleansing the Puppies
Putting a thin, delicate blanket on the bottom of the box can also insulate the environment, making sure the edges of the blankets are placed underneath the box to prevent them from getting lost and choking. Replace the bottom of the box at least once a day. Place a thick cardboard sheet underneath the bed, then cover it with a few layers of the pad and place a towel or blanket on it. When puppies start eating solid food, change the bed 2 to 3 times a day until the time of excretion training begins. Take the mother and puppies to the vet as soon as possible (early 2 hours) for a checkup. Your doctor will check the health of puppies and check for possible postpartum problems in the mother. When the puppies reach the age of 2 to 5 weeks, see your vet again for vaccination.
Weight control of puppies
Cubs should be weighed for up to 3 weeks each day. If their weight does not increase evenly, know that they do not have enough nutrition or are suffering from complications. Puppies born with low weight are physiologically immature and fail to compete with larger pups for food and become weaker and weaker. It is also expected that the survival of the lungs, liver, and kidneys will be very low due to malformations.
Puppies born with a low weight need more attention from the owner. At this time, the owners should put the weak pups more under the mother’s breast for breastfeeding, as they can get good growth by getting enough milk and giving cholesterol to the poor pups. The weight of puppies during the first week of birth is very important in determining their physical health, so puppies should be weighed daily by the owner. Cubs should be able to gain 2% overweight after 6 hours of birth. For this purpose, each pup will need to be weighed after childbirth.
The weight of the puppies varies greatly with the size of the Great Dane, but generally, their weight should be twice the weight of the day of birth (1 to 2 grams) within 2 days. Remember, if the pups are not overweight within 2 hours, they do not have enough maternal cholesterol and are suffering from weight loss and should see a veterinarian as soon as possible. Lack of weight for puppies can be due to inappropriate female dog changes, insufficient milk, high puppies, congenital problems, viral and bacterial infections, vitamin-mineral deficiency, etc. which can only be diagnosed by a veterinarian.