Giant Panda Facts
The Giant Panda facts are called as one of the most powerful symbols of animal conservation in the class of endangering animals and rightly so. It is amongst the most popular animals when it comes to the endangered species around the globe. It has been consider as a national treasure in China. The other thing to note about the giant panda is that it has been the symbol of WWF since its formation in 1961. The good thing about Giant Panda is that its number is slowly increasing but it’s still amongst one of those animals which are the rarest and endangered.
Here are some amazing things you wish to learn about this species.
The latest census of Giant Panda shows a considerable amount of increase in its population which was done in 2014. According to the results, 1864 Giant Pandas are alive in this world at the moment. This is not a good figure but going back in the past, the world was left with just 1000 Pandas in 1970s. In the last decade, its population has been raise by 17 percent.
Habitat of Giant Pandas
The Panda found mostly in China as well as in some parts of Myanmar and Vietnam. The home of Pandas is mainly consider China. It is found in the bamboo patches of forests in China’s Sichuan, Shaanxi and Gansu provinces. The main reason of this animal being endanger is the habitat lost by human activities and increasing demands. Most of the remaining Pandas live in Minshan and Qinling mountains.
Due to the recent increase in Panda population, China now has 67 Panda reserves which safeguard more than 66% of the giant pandas in the wild and almost 54% of their existing habitat. Chinese government in collaboration with WWF has taken some considerable measures to preserve this world’s treasure.
What do Pandas Eat?
The answer to this question is simple that they eat bamboo. Their daily diet consists of roots, stems and leaves of various bamboo species. The average eating of a Panda per day is about 12-38 kg of bamboo in order to meet its needs. They are basically vegetarians but sometimes they do hunt for picas and some other rodents as well. Their major dependency on bamboo is also a major threat to their survival because bamboo forests provide natural habitat for Pandas to live.
Size and Weight
Pandas can grow up to 1.5m long and weigh as much as 150kg.
The Pandas number is slowly increasing and has shown some considerable increase in the last decade when the population of the Pandas increased by 17% but still it is not out danger. Pandas are facing some traditional threats and they might face it in the future as well. These threats include the cutting of the forests resulting in loss of natural habitat, mining, hydropower, tourism and some other infrastructure construction.
WWF has been working to save the future of the Pandas and their 2015-2025 policy is the proof of their efforts. WWF will cooperate with the government as well as working with partners and the public to protect key habitats and ensure a sustainable wild giant panda population, and benefit local communities. These conservation efforts will also benefit many other rare species of animals and plants that live side-by-side with the pandas, including the endangered takin, golden monkey, red panda, and crested ibis.
Major Threats to Pandas
The most considerable threat to Pandas is the habitat loss. China has taken some great measures such as developing 67 Panda reserves which covers the two third of the Panda population round the globe. But the fragmentation and the habitat lost is the greatest threat to Panda specie. The infrastructural development like building of roads and railway tracks has badly affected the Panda habitat over the years. With the bamboo forests being declining, the Pandas are also endangering.
The other threats to Pandas include harvesting, hunting and tourism. Man is known for pleasure seeking and this pleasure seeking sometimes affects some other natural things badly. The recent advancements in the tourism department by constructing new tourist resorts in the forests has been disturbing Pandas and their habitat badly.
Why Should We Save the Giant Panda?
The first and foremost reason to save this beautiful animal is that we are the ones due to which Pandas are at the edge of distinction. They should be saved because they not only rely on bamboo forests but they are a source of spreading them as well because they help spreading the bamboo seeds and vegetation to grow.
The Panda Mountains are a source of income to millions of Chinese people living there. They also provide the rivers and waters which is the source of spreading of bamboo trees. All in all, it said that by saving Pandas, we can save the environment. Pandas themselves are a cultural symbol in China providing significant economic benefits through ecotourism and other activities. So, save Pandas in order to save the environment. WWF and the governments cannot handle this task alone, they need your efforts as well which is the most important thing.