In Winter, frostbite, and hypothermia in Dogs is a common problem for us. When the air temperature drops for humans, we must keep in mind the safety of our pets, as do humans with hypothermia and colds.

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Sometimes in the winter, we forget about the need for dogs in warm environments because their bodies are covered with fur. But they feel uncomfortable because of the cold air and the movement on frozen, snow-covered sidewalks.

Animals may be better able to withstand the cold than humans, but they may experience Frostbite and Hypothermia due to prolonged exposure to freezing temperatures, causing injury or death to body tissue and putting the animal in serious danger. The two terms frostbite and hypothermia are not actually equivalent but can cause problems for all dog breeds together. The term Frostbite is used for different parts of the body. Drop-In body temperature is a condition in which the dog’s body temperature drops below 1.5°C.

What dogs are most prone to Frostbite and Hypothermia?

Dogs kept outdoors, especially breeds of small size, puppies, breeds with short and low body cover and older dogs are more prone to Frostbite and Hypothermia. Remember: Pregnant dogs or dogs who are on some medication (antibiotics) and in treatment are more susceptible to Frostbite and Hypothermia. This group of dogs should never stay outdoors or work in the winter when the air temperature drops too low.

In which parts of the dog’s body most Frostbite and Hypothermia occurs?

Colds in dogs are often caused in areas with minimal hair. These include the tail, ear, footpads, toes, and scrotum.

Normally, the bloodstream of these areas keeps the dog’s body warm. In winter, when these areas of the body are heavily cooled, the blood vessels contract to maintain their body’s heat, in which case less blood reaches the body’s tissues and eventually the body cools down and the tissues are frozen and frozen. Die. In severe Frostbite and Hypothermia, the intracellular water freezes and expands in the cell, leading to cell rupture and scarring.

What are the symptoms of cold in dogs?

The frosty texture first appears pale, white, gray or blue and hardens and cools. If the body gets warm, the areas of frost become red and swollen and painful, which can cause blisters and more likely ulcers and infections. At this time, the animal’s breathing and heart rate relax and the dog’s body temperature drops below 2.5 ° C or 2 degrees Fahrenheit. If Frostbite and Hypothermia are severe, frozen tissue becomes very painful and eventually dies and the outer skin of the skin becomes white or white. Black changes color, which may require amputation at this time.

In cold testicle sac:

The skin of the area becomes cold and hard and discolored.

In the cold of the ear:

the shape of the ear is out of shape (the standing ear is out of shape) and the water from the dog’s mouth is more than normal.

Frostbite and Hypothermia in toes:

Cracking the toe pad causes severe pain, causing the dog to keep his toes high and lameness in the gait and constantly licking the toes.

 Frostbite and Hypothermia in Tail:

The tail appears out of shape and its movements are very restricted and the dog exhibits nervous behavior such as biting and biting.

Causes of Hypothermia and Frostbite in dogs

Long-term exposure to cold.

Not having a warm nest far from the wind.

Excessive activity in the snow.

Keep the dog’s body cool and wet.

What to do in case of a dog Frostbite and Hypothermia?

When the dog has symptoms of cold, move the animal immediately to a warm environment. Individually control the dog and monitor the dog’s hypothermia with a rectal thermometer (Vaseline fatty thermometer and anus placement for 5 minutes), if the dog’s body temperature is less than 0.5 ° C or ۹۹ Fahrenheit means that the animal is overly exposed to cold and in an emergency and should be transferred to the veterinarian as soon as possible.

The first aid that owners can make at this time is:

If there are Frostbite and Hypothermia in the dog’s ear and testicles, put a soft cloth or towel over it in warm water while the water is dripping on the frozen organ for 5 minutes and cloth with a cloth for a few minutes. You change another gram.

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If you find the dog’s breathing weakened or interrupted, quickly close the dog’s mouth with one or two hands and gently breathe in the animal’s nasal cavities and give the dog artificial respiration. At artificial respiration, you will be given 1/2 breath per minute for large dogs and 1/2 per minute for small dogs and should be fully elevated each time the chest breathes. Slow. The temperature of the machine must be high along the way to the vet.

Gently keep the cold areas warm by compressing hot water (not hot water) for 2 to 5 minutes. You can even place the dog in a hot tub during which the water temperature should not exceed 2 degrees Celsius and in this case, Warm the dog’s body with a hairdryer. In addition, you can place a bottle of warm water wrapped in sheets next to or on the dog’s belly, or keep the animal’s body warm with a blanket or electric mattress.

Remember: Massaging and squeezing cold tissue should be avoided separately. The dog’s body should be warmed slowly. In the case of Frostbite and Hypothermia, examine the dog’s body over the next few days and examine the frozen limbs. If you notice any signs of discoloration, blackness, be sure to bring the animal to the veterinarian.

In all of these cases, immediate referral to the vet is a priority. The veterinarian checks for dog hypothermia and examines the affected areas because it may be blistered, cracked, or scarred due to Frostbite and Hypothermia. Then they are prescribed painkillers and antibiotics. If the tissue is dead due to Frostbite and Hypothermia, the affected area needs an amputation. But veterinarians usually suggest treatment first to reduce the amount of damage. Your veterinarian may begin treatment with an antibiotic or cold dressing prescription, which may take several days for the dog to undergo treatment and require intensive care. At this time, veterinarians should carefully follow the recommendations of the veterinarian to minimize the potential harm.

How to Prevent Dog Nipples from Frostbite and Hypothermia?

Choose the right place for the dog in the winter. Dogs are less active and no longer playing or circulating when the air temperature is + 2 ° C. At this time, they should be kept in a warm and safe environment and not allowed to leave the house because they may be frostbitten at this time. There are many dogs.

If your home’s heating is a fireplace or a heater, it must be protected, as it may get too close to the heating barrier when the dog’s body is cold or feel cold and accidentally hit their skin, mustache and burn his body.

Remember: dogs kept outdoors need a nest to be safe from cold, wind, and rain, and at night they can’t get out. The nest you choose for the dog outside should be large enough for the dog to sit and sleep on but should not be larger than the animal needs because the temperature inside is low and does not warm up quickly. The nest should be 2 to 5 cm from the ground so that rainwater, mud, and snow do not get in easily and the cold does not move from the ground to the nest floor. The inside of the nest should always stay dry and warm, with dry grass, bedding, dog bedding, blankets, or carpet on the nest floor providing a good place for your dog in the cold season.

Remember every time a dog enters the nest it can carry a lot of moisture, snow, and mud inside, so it should be checked regularly, and if wet, replace the floor. To prevent ambient cooling, especially at night when the temperature drops further.

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The dog lane should be built in the opposite direction (south or southeast) and have a movable, plastic door that closes at the entrance and exit of the dog. It is easier to move in plastic, covering the entrance door and preventing wind and rain from entering on cold days. It is best to put a thermometer in the dog’s lid to know exactly how cold the inside temperature is. Putting a hot water bottle on the dog’s bed instead of placing the heater in the dog’s lair can help prevent the risk of fire or burn to the animal’s body.

If you cannot keep the dog indoors in the winter, move the animal to the parking lot or patio and provide the nest dog with the same description. Remember: If you have a dog in the winter parking lot, you should never warm your car in the parking lot because carbon monoxide can easily cause dog poisoning and death. When dogs are kept in the parking lot, they are more likely to be poisoned by eating antifreeze.

The antifreeze has a sweet taste that attracts the dog and eating a small amount of it can be fatal to the dog, so owners should keep the antifreeze container out of reach of the dog and if they see parking spaces The antifreeze is contaminated if the surface is washable and the environment can be thoroughly washed, otherwise preventing the dog from licking by absorbing substances such as sand, sand and cat soil on the contaminated soil. Whenever you suspect your dog has been antipyretic, you should immediately take the animal to the vet, as there may still be time to get antivenom.

Protect dog’s feet from Frostbite and Hypothermia

It’s always been fun and fun for dogs and their owners to play in the snow, can it be a problem for dogs? The first problem is the appearance of ice balls in the hair between the dog’s paws. This problem often occurs because the dog’s body heat melts the snow and subsequently soaks the animal’s claws (especially the middle finger) and freezes it again and absorbs more snow. Gradually the snow masses become more and more inconvenient for the dog while walking and Frostbite and Hypothermia. This is aggravated by licking and chewing the claws of the animal to eliminate snow accumulation and warm up.

Tip: To prevent the formation of ice balls, you should constantly examine the dog’s claws and trim the hair between the pads. This will cause less ice mass in the dog’s claws. You also need to keep the nails short in the winter, as long as the cracked nails walk and the ice spreads between the nails and can deepen the cracks, causing severe pain and even bleeding. The next problem is when the snow falls and the streets and sidewalks are covers with snow, and the municipality uses salt rock and chemicals such as antifreeze to break down snow and ice as quickly as possible, both of which are dangerous for dogs. And causes severe intoxication in animals.

When dogs return home after playing and jumping on the snow to warm their hands and feet, as well as clearing the ice and snow lumps that linger among the troughs of the five, the remainder doing the same. Which devour these chemicals and become poisoned and show symptoms of diarrhea and vomiting. Also, because of the hair that lies between the toes, there is always some of the material left behind that can cause inflammation, allergies (itching) and dryness of the toe and dog footpads.

Tip: Now to prevent this, owners should thoroughly trim the hair between the paws before walking the dog on ice and snow. Avoid spraying. Clean the salt around your home and make sure the salt deposits are well removed and faded.

Use other methods melting your home’s snow, such as snow shoveling, sand or deicer, which is 2% salt-free. If the dog’s claws are in contact with salt, it is inevitable to wash the animal’s legs with a soft cloth and some warm water after the daily circulation. Of course, you can put all five dogs in a semi-warm water container with a little dog shampoo and gently wash between the toes and then dry with a towel and toe pads and then to prevent dry and crack the pads of the foot so that they are completely greasy with Vaseline or the dog’s foot cream.

Using a softening worm on your dog’s feet is another way to prevent Frostbite and Hypothermia. These worms, such as Perfect Care and Musher’s Secret, have an allergenic and natural composition that relieves the Frostbite and Hypothermia, cracking the toe pad. And nails prevent it and you can get them from pet shops.

If you have a dog that does not allow you to do these things after playing in the snow, it is better to keep your dog away from these dangers than the easiest way to cover your shoes, so this game and snowshoeing will do just as well for you. Enjoyable.

Pet shoes are available today, which are very easy to cover for dogs. Although many dogs do not like them, you can get used to shoes before winter begins. When the dog realizes that wearing shoes means walking and playing outdoors, he will quickly accept them. If a dog’s claws are found to be lacerated or injured, such as with skin abrasions or more serious problems, such as arthritis, or skin infections, it is necessary to see a veterinarian.

Note: Do not allow the dog to walk on a frozen pond or lake in winter because the risk of animal death can be high if you break the ice and dive into cold water. Slipping on ice and falling can also be dangerous for dogs and cause serious orthopedic injuries to the animal.

Winter Clothes for Preventing Frostbite and Hypothermia

Winter clothing is not just for the beauty of the dog, it can protect the dog against the cold. It is necessary to cover winter clothing with puppies and dogs that have low body temperature. Also, wearing shoes will prevent the claws from Frostbite and Hypothermia.

Dogs with short hair usually do not tend to go out and play in the cold and wrap themselves around the body to keep the body warm, as long as the animal stays in it and this causes the dogs to In the winter, they become isolated and show little physical activity. But when wearing a dog’s clothing, it does not exhibit any of this behavior and, like other seasons of the year, maintains its vitality and continues to play and engage in physical activity, maintaining its body temperature indoors and outdoors.

Dog hair is the best thermal insulation for the animal, but if the dog loses its physical properties during the cold season, such as: hair being shaved due to malfunction or surgery, weakening of the immune system and suffering from diseases that Impaired hair growth (such as Cushing’s disease, hypothyroidism) typically requires an additional source of heat that owners can replace by wearing a coat and winter clothing and protecting the animal’s body against Frostbite and Hypothermia. He did.

Large dogs with dense body cover do not need to wear clothes in the winter, and even wearing this type of dog can cause hair banding and animal discomfort. Their fur is genetically engineered to produce heat in the extreme cold, such as the Siberian Husky, St Bernard, and Malamut breeds. These breeds are excellent examples of dogs that can easily live at very low temperatures. Remember: A dog of any breed or body type should not be below 1.5۸C or 2۹۹F.

Proper winter nutrition

In winter the dog diet should be 2% more hot than in the warm season. This extra food is vital for dogs and generates relatively high heat in the body. Dogs that live at home because of the appropriate ambient temperature and low physical activity require less food than dogs that are kept outdoors. Nutrition plays an important role in the skin and hair of the dog. Help keep your dog’s body healthy by adding flaxseed oil, olive oil or dietary supplements such as (Missing Link, Nupro and Solid Gold Seameal) when the dog’s body is healthy. Remember: You must consult a veterinarian to change your dog’s diet and adjust the calories you need.

Is eating snow for dogs equal to drinking water?

This question may have come up for many owners who keep their dogs outdoors in the winter or suspect that they do not need water because of the snow-covered dog. If it is completely wrong and the answer is no. In fact, eating snow in the first place needs to consume a lot of energy so that body heat can melt snow, which is equivalent to losing a dog’s body temperature in cold weather. The amount of water a dog receives from eating a bucket of snow is several times less than the amount of water it needs per day. But the dog also uses a lot of energy to melt it.

after effects of hypothermia in Dogs
Frostbite and Hypothermia in dogs

You must remember: Dogs need more water in the winter because of their high activity to fuel energy and to obtain the heat they need. Of course, this is not just for dogs living outside the home, but also for domestic dogs in the winter. They need more and should always have fresh water available.

Does eating snow cause dog poisoning?

The answer is yes. Especially if you live in big cities that are polluted. Because it sits on the ground during snowfall, it has a high percentage of lead that is harmful to all living things. The poisoning is most commonly seen in dogs that live outdoors in the winter and due to lack of water, Frostbite, and Hypothermia in the container and muddy water, the water in the environment is left thirsty and force to eat snow.

Owners should keep in mind the important point that we mentioned earlier that dogs need more water in the winter than in other seasons and that they should have fresh and healthy water available in any weather to avoid eating snow. To prevent Frostbite and Hypothermia in the dog’s water, owners must patrol the dog’s water container several times a day to make sure the animal has access to adequate water. Of course, to facilitate the work of the owners of water containers, it is designed to prevent freezing of water inside the container even at the lowest air temperature. Recommendation: In winter, use plastic Pyrex containers instead of metal containers for dog food and water because in cold weather the dog’s tongue adheres to the frozen metal.

Eating snow can have the same effects on humans as colds, sore throats and coughing for dogs. In this season, the owners should be very careful not to leave the dog alone in the open air because people use antifreeze in the car at this time, which is fatal to the dog and is more likely to occur on the ground, especially around cars and Shed parking lots and eat snow dogs infected with these substances. As mention earlier, the presence of chemicals and rock salts on the streets and sidewalks in the winter is not strange, and it is always possible that sharp and dangerous objects are hidden in the snow and that the dog will devour these foods by eating snow. Toxicity and severe injuries. At this time, the owner’s precaution and untrained material training on the ground are the only ways to avoid these potential dangers that can threaten the dog on a snowy day.

5 The important thing for cold winter days as well as to avoid Frostbite and Hypothermia

  1. As your car is in need of Checkup winter, your dog will also need to Checkup winter. Be sure to bring your dog to the veterinarian for winter examinations to ensure the animal’s physical health, a healthy dog ​​will be more resistant to cold.
  2. Don’t ever put your dog in the cold air inside the car alone, because your car in the winter is literally a metal fridge. Keeping the dog in the cold air inside the car will undoubtedly lead to Frostbite and Hypothermia and dog death.
  3. Never cut and treat dog hair in winter and regularly treat it, combing it daily will keep the dog’s body strong, and the stronger the cover, the less likely it is to frost. Wearing a dog’s body protects the dog from the cold but will not replace the animal’s body.
  4. Wash your dog less during the cold months and make sure your dog is completely dry. Especially in the legs and under the abdomen, when bathing before leaving the dog in the cold.
  5. Be sure to install the dog tag on your profile number on your contact number in the winter It is best to have a microchip. Because statistics show that many dogs are lost in the winter. They get out of the house and when the snow and rain come back it clears the way home and they can’t track the house.
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